Sports Scientist- Sports Science is creating Supper Athlete


Hi everyone. I am a sports scientist and I get invited to a lot of parties. So people can ask me this question and I get asked this a lot and I just wanted to go through this with you because this is kind of the essence of what we do a spot scientist.


How Sports science is creating Supper Athletes? Sports Scientist

 Well, if someone would ask me this question a lot of parents come to me with kids and they like my kid is seven years old. I need them. Become a pro athlete you have the school title. Tell me how to do it. My answer to them at a party would be exactly this. Well, we have this idea that if we want to specialize in a certain spot, which is we start as soon as we give birth to the child, we put them into that spot. We allow them to kind of keep practicing so they get good at it but science tells us otherwise, what science is actually telling us that that is going to cause a larger problem later on because what's going to happen apart from the child getting really bored of playing the sport its entire life.

You will have an increased probability of burnout athletes will quit when they're older more typically when they start really young. They tend to leave the spot at an earlier age. There's a no the overuse five, and I'm playing Cricket my entire life by the time I reach 30 the same movements that I'm using to play The Spot will be overused so that body part of mine is wearing out children need to develop first as As athletes they need to develop a physical ability first and then they're able to specialize in a sport. So look spots ultimately is something that human beings have created and defined.

Okay, if I as sports scientists do this movement, then it's called cricket and if I do this movement, then it's called football. And if I do this movement, it's called, you know, rugby But ultimately the human body doesn't really know all these rules. It just needs to develop and be really fit and work. Well as a machine before we can play a sport. You can develop the same cardiovascular ability why or to play tennis while you're playing football? It's the same thing for the body similarly to golf and cricket. And in fact, now Sport Science is finding that it's actually essential to play multiple Sports if you want to excel in anyone.

Maybe de Villiers one of the best batsmen in the world. One of the fittest batsmen in the world actually is a really really good athlete and that is why he such a good batsman. He's known to have played a lot of rugby badminton participated in swimming track and field and tennis. In fact, you'd be surprised to know that most Olympic athletes don't specialize before the age of 15. So when someone asked me that question about their seven-year-old, A sports scientist be like just for us let them play Everything next I get questions such as how do Improve my tennis serve and this is what we are sports scientists.

Sports scientist






Do we take the science-we go to something like the kinetic chain Theory, which says that the body exists as a series of chains? So the movement at one joint will eventually affect the movement at another joint. So when you move from your ankle it gets translated to the knee the movement at the knee affects the movement at the hip and like that so to get really good tennis serve. The ideal the maximum amount of power you can generate is 4000 watts of power. So that is the same amount of energy that you would require to climb up 12 flights of stairs in two seconds. That's the kind of power we're talking now. 


You cannot develop that just from your shoulder on a flick of the wrist. There's obviously more to that story and in that gray area is where science comes in. How we would explain this to an athlete is that most of your force is generated from the ground and then in fact 50% if you look at that graph is generated from the ground and that force from the ground is translated into your body through all of your joints and eventually into the swing. So when a sports scientist advises on technique, this is kind of how you would apply Sport Science to improve a technique in say tennis serves. This is another key question, which is a constant debate, which is the best body type for health and sports. Well, the answer like everything else in sports science.


Body type for sports science: Sports Scientist

Is that well? It depends on this person. Here are a sprinter and this body type. Is that for a marathon runner? So a body type will develop based on what it has to do based on the purpose marathon runners need to have the need to be lighter. They need to run for longer. They're burning fat for energy. Where is the Sprinter whose only running maybe a few? Candice using immediate energy which is stored in the muscles. So that's why they have huge muscles so they can store all that energy and use it when they need now a sprinter is probably going to be a worse marathon runner than me because I am somewhere in the middle. I'm a normal human being and I can kind of work both my systems. But when you're talking about sports, you're not talking about normal Health you're talking about the Extremes in one way or another whose athletes are people whose body types of specialized to an extreme in One Direction.


Some examples of sports science

For example, if you look at Water Polo, the all water polo players. Generally, it would be advantageous to them to have a really long for the arm to arm ratio so they can throw the ball further. I mean NBA

one in 10 men are 7 feet tall. Where is the average male height is 5 10 in the rest of the population the average height of the elite female gymnasts to be a gymnast? You want to be tiny you want to be able to roll in the air you want to be able to spin so those body types come to an advantage when you are special. Rising in a particular sport. In fact, my favorite example is that of Phelps who's just apparently touted as a genetic freak of nature somebody who's created forced to swim. He just happens to have every genetic advantage that helps him in the water.

Another example, most people have a wingspan. That is the same as the height that's kind of how we are but Phelps who 6-4 has a wingspan of six-seven that allows him to move his arms further and water and gives a book. And over the next person and I mean our advantage over the next person similarly his shoe size is much bigger than the average suicide shoe size allowing him to have natural flippers. His chest is double-jointed which allows him to get more flexibility in the water and to move faster. I mean, there are multiple this is only a list of some that he has he just naturally produces less lactate gets less tired. So I'm just telling you this is certain examples of the kind of things that we look at in sports science, and he One Twenty-Eight gold medals. He's probably the most celebrated most successful swimmers of all time at the Olympic level.


Learning from sports science

So it encourages our sore. It makes it easier for us to feel that look there's a formula he has these things. So should we look for people with long arms or should we look for people with bigger legs? Is that going to translate into Olympic gold medals, and that's kind of where Sport Science walls when I studied it that the human body.

It is basically just a blend of biology psychology in nutritional science biochemistry multiple Fields, but ultimately we're looking to see how can we create a better human and that's why the way I view it and interpret it is well working at the edge of human ability. You know, if Bolt is running at 9.7 in a spin, how do we get him to 9.6? How do we work at that edge? And how do we make it better? And what are the rules and that gives us two gives us a lot of insight into how the human body works?


How it functions generally Sport Science is, in summary, this slide?

 We view the body as a sum of its parts. Okay, what's happening at the DNA level are we you know, the genetic code is coding for proteins enzymes and that is translating into certain physiological, you know the outcome. It's the body and that helps them in exercise scientists.

We look at the heart rate. We look at systems of the body how they interact and it's actually really cool as a subject but now Now I am more than a sports scientist in terms that I just view

Sports scientist


myself as a scientist and someone who's very interested in the human body and how it works sports science is one way to view it. And generally, we view it as like I showed you the sum of its parts. This is what's happening. This is the formula. This is how the human body works. Let's just add it up. And if you put this input you're going to get another output in the 80s scientist to try to recreate breast milk. They took breast milk. Created a formula and they said that look if a child is unable to be breastfed by the mother.


Let us create something

 Where we can just give so they took the milk. They measure it in the lab-made you know, scientific version of it, and started selling this formula yours later scientists have realized that the kids who were on the formula started getting more real than the kids who were on breast milk and then they reopened that chapter looked into it and now they found something really interesting. 

They have discovered that it is not just what's in the milk? It is the communication between the mother and child during breastfeeding such that if the child is lacking in a particular nutrient If the child is picking up a particular illness the mother's body reacts to that and create certain proteins that the child needs create the enzymes and gives it to the child through the breast milk. I mean, that's a beautiful thought you can formula that. No, you cannot recreate that and that is kind of what I'm starting to see more and more of these kinds of Trends in the human body.

Cardiovascular disease one of the biggest Killers people is saying oh it's lack of exercise. It's you know eating wrong. It's cholesterol this that I have read a study recently that says that owning a pet-owning a dog can reduce your risk of cardiovascular disease and literally by just petting a dog for a few days a week people have lower their blood pressure lower their heart rate. They've even reduced cholesterol levels. I mean, that's a great excuse for kids who want to pick up a better their parents are saying no you can just have them check the science on that. And here's another one that I love because I didn't

Sports Science 
Neuroscience before I did Sport Science. So earlier it was believed that the brain forms from the age of 0 to 18. And then it's just formed and the brain is now who you are and everything you do is now set in stone. And that's why we attributed everything to our personality and you know, whatever you this is your nature and your personality. These are your preferences. Well, there's a concept called neuroplasticity which now looks at the brain as something that Rewires itself every single day every part of your brain is changing every single day and it's changing based on what you eat what exercise you do who you talk to after this Ted Talk your brain is going to go back and rewire itself. That is how quickly your brain is changing. So there's no formula for that.

You cannot formula at there are multiple experiences and inputs that we are having and reacting to on a daily basis. Even if you take science that seems sports scientists have a shore of itself is genetics, which is we have a lot of people in science who think that although all in the genes and everything's written and it's all predetermined. Which is kind of true the genetics is the script of what your cells will do how they will Express themselves genetics is ultimately your you know, it's like it's literally the script of your life. But now here's an interesting science that's come up called geneticist, which looks at which genes are turned on and off based on your experiences. So I might have the genes for certain things. As a sports scientist I might have the genes for obesity. I might have the genes for you. Certain diseases I might have the genes for whatever I may need the genes for but whether they be turned on or off is based on my experiences is based on my choices that I make it's based on the input I make we haven't we will never be able to formula that so the code is there.

Well, we are more like directors and our lives for this script the script is written but the way we directed our input our interactions. Our experiences have a much larger impact than we previously thought and this is science this this is not something mystical. This is not something you know to tap into your magic kind of thing. This is pure science. So instead of viewing the body. I was just like a pure machine that you can kind of sum of its parts tweak you give this input and we get a certain output.

A sports scientist feel that have programs that we have understood we have understood it quite well, but and I view that as something that we have which is the best medicine in the world. We have fantastic knowledge about the body we have the And we understand different systems. So well, there are volumes of information out then so much research going on on the body, but you can have the best medicine in the world. Assuming the spill has the best medicine in the world for say, I don't know cancel. I can guarantee you that if you take this medicine you will cure cancer or you can cure diabetes or you can cure whatever. But if the capsule that that medicine is delivered in is not something that is received by the human being if the human body is unable to digest that medicine. It is completely useless. So my parallel is this I would work in science for a long time. You can watch the video to know more.


Thoughts of sports scientist

I've studied as a sports scientist and I find that we are we have such fantastic brilliant knowledge, but we're not delivering it to people so they are able to make sense of it. We're not delivering it in contacts were not delivering it to human beings were just creating.

During this amazing knowledge which gets created in universities and it gets created, you know through research it goes through so much time before it actually reaches people and changes their lives that lag between creating researching something getting it published teaching in a university a student going to study it coming back home and applying it.


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